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The Terms of Cultural Heritage in Indonesia

Surabaya City Hall

In the Indonesia law number 11 of 2010 about cultural heritage, the term of cultural heritage in the form of:

1. Heritage is heritage immaterial form of Objects of Cultural Heritage, Buildings of Cultural Heritage, Structures of Cultural Heritage, Sites of Cultural Heritage,and Region of Cultural Heritage on land and / or water that needs to be preserved its existence because it has significant value for the history, science, education , religion and / or culture through determination process.


2. Objects of Culutural Heritage
Objects of cultural heritage are objects of natural and / or man-made objects, whether movable or immovable, in the form of unit or group, or parts thereof, or their remnants who have a close relationship with the culture and history of human development.

3. Heritage Building
Heritage Building was built composition made of natural objects or man-made objects to meet the needs walled space and / or no walls and a roof.

4. Heritage structure
Heritage structure is mentioned as the arrangement of the built objects made of natural and / or man-made objects to meet the needs of working space that blends with nature, facilities, and infrastructure to accommodate human needs.

5. Heritage sites
Heritage sites are locations on land and / or water-containing objects of cultural heritage, heritage buildings and / or structures of cultural heritage as a result of human activity or evidence of events in the past.

6. Heritage region
Heritage region is a unit of geographic space that has two or more sites of cultural heritage that is located adjacent and / or exhibit characteristics typical layout.

7. Ownership
Ownership is the right of the strongest and most of the Cultural Heritage with regard to social function and the duty to preserve it

8. Mastery
Mastery is the authorization from the owner to the Government, Local Government, or any person to manage the Heritage with regard to social function and the duty to preserve it.

9. Controlled by the State
Controlled by the State is the highest authority which is owned by the state in performing legal acts arrangements with regard to the preservation of the Cultural Heritage

10. Diversion
Diversion is the process of transfer of rights of ownership and / or control of the Cultural Heritage of any person to any other person or to the state

11. Compensation
Compensation is financial rewards and / or not money from the Government or Local Government

12. The incentive
The incentive is support in the form of advocacy, assistance, or other forms of in-kind is to encourage the preservation of the Cultural Heritage of the Government or Local Government

13. Heritage Expert Team
Heritage Expert Team is a group of conservation experts from various disciplines who have a certificate of competence to deliver on the determination, the rating, and the elimination of Heritage

14. Experts Preservation
Experts Preservation is a person who because of competency skills in particular and / or have a certificate in the field of Protection, Development, or Utilization of Cultural Heritage

15. Curator
Curator is the person responsible for the competence of his expertise in the management of museum collections

16. Registration
Registration is the effort of recording objects, buildings, structures, location, and / or units of geographical space to be nominated as Cultural Property to the district / city or Indonesian representatives abroad and subsequent inclusion in the National Register of Cultural Property.

17. Determination
Determination is granting the status of Cultural Heritage of the object, building, structure, location, or set of geographic space made by the district / city based on the Cultural Heritage Expert Team

18. National Heritage Register
National Heritage Register is the official list of the nation's cultural wealth in the form of Heritage inside and abroad

19. Deletion
Deletion is the act of removing the status of the Cultural Heritage of the National Register of Cultural Property.

20. National Culture Heritage
National Culture Heritage is the national ranking cultur heritage determined by the Minister as a national priority.

21. Management
Management is an integrated effort to protect, develop, and utilize Heritage through regulatory policy planning, implementation, and oversight for the welfare of the people.

22. Preservation
Preservation is a dynamic effort to maintain the existence of the Cultural Heritage and its value in a way to protect, develop, and exploit it.

23. Protection
Protection is the effort to prevent and mitigate damage, destruction, or annihilation by means of Rescue, Safety, Zoning, Maintenance and Restoration of Cultural Property.

24. Rescue
Rescue is an effort to avoid and / or overcome the Cultural Heritage of the damage, destruction, or annihilation.

25. Security
Security is an effort to maintain and prevent the Cultural Heritage of the threat and / or disorders.

26. Zoning
Zoning is the determination of spatial boundaries of the heritage and cultural preservation area in accordance with the needs.

27. Maintenance
Maintenance is an effort to maintain and take care that the physical condition of the Heritage preserved.

28. The restoration
The restoration is an effort to return the physical condition of Objects of Cultural Heritage Buildings, and Heritage Structure of the broken line with the authenticity of the material, shape, layout and / or processing techniques to prolong life.

29. The development
The development is the increased potential values, information, and promotion of cultural preservation and utilization through research, revitalization, and Adaptation in a sustainable manner and not contrary to the preservation purposes.

30. Research
Research is the scientific activities conducted under principles and a systematic method to obtain information, data, and information for the benefit of the Cultural Heritage Preservation, science, and cultural development.

31. Revitalization
Revitalization is a development activities aimed to regrow important values with the adjustment functions of Heritage new room that does not conflict with the principles of preservation and cultural values of society.

32. Adaptation
Adaptation is a development effort Heritage for activities more in line with current needs by making limited changes that will not result in deterioration of its importance or damage to parts that have significant value.

33. Utilization
Utilization is the utilization of Cultural Property in the interests of the welfare of the people while maintaining sustainability.

34. Propagation
Propagation is a direct duplication of activities against the Objects of Cultural Heritage Buildings or Structures Heritage, all or parts thereof.

35. Each person
Each person is an individual, group, community, legal entity and / or business entity not incorporated.

36. Central Government
Central Government, hereinafter referred to as Government, is the President of the Republic of Indonesia who holds the power of government of the Republic of Indonesia as stipulated in the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia Year 1945

37. Local government
Local government is the governor, regent or mayor, and the local officials as an element of the regional administration.

38. Minister
Minister is the minister who held government affairs in the field of culture.

Mascot of Surabaya.
Sura = sharks and Baya = crocodiles

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