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Management of Cultural Heritage in Surabaya

Tourism has become one of the things that are important to human life, where tourism activities may promise positive change for one's soul. Tourism activities carried out by moving the place of origin to the destination in the temporary period, felt able to reduce the level of saturation of a person on the daily routine of a person's life. This activity also are able to create a new sense of vigor as capital in the next activities each day.
The tourism industry has an important role in the development of tourism in a region that could have an impact on development in the area. In some areas, the tourism industry is able to alleviate the region of retardation so as to make it the main source of income. Tourism is a service sector related to the life of modern society. The higher education and community life, then demand for tourism will be even greater as well. Tourism has a close relationship with many fields and other sectors. Tourism will be developed along with the development of transportation, telecommunications, human resources, environment, and so forth. Pedestal tourism as a force competitiveness lies in the resource processed and managed.
The tourism activity in its development has been the tourism industry and is one of the sectors that can provide economic benefits, such as increasing employment, increasing per capita income, increase tax revenue, strengthen trade balance.
If the terms of the economy, tourism generates substantial foreign exchange for the country so that the tourism sector can improve the economy of the country. Therefore it can not be denied again that the tourism sector is an important sector for the country. Where Indonesia is known for the diversity of the island and cultural diversity make Indonesia as one of the Tourism Destination Region for foreign tourists. Various regions in Indonesia is very much have a form of cultural heritage buildings and sites of historic heritage of tens or even hundreds of years ago. Cultural heritage is one of attractive spontance which has its own charm that makes a lot of people want to come. Many foreign tourists flock to visit Indonesia with a reason to reminisce with the historic building that is owned by Indonesia.

Cultural heritage is the cultural wealth of the nation as a form of thinking and behavior of human life that is important to the understanding and development of history, science, and culture in the society, nation, and state that needs to be conserved and managed properly through the efforts of protection, development, and utilization in order to promote national culture for the greatest prosperity of the people. To support the implementation of the Indonesia Act No. 11 of 2010 on the cultural heritage, the government of Surabaya, which is famous as a metropolitan city with a base as an industrial city, the city government conducted a breakthrough to involve the private sectors and the community to create a synergy, collaboration, partnership in managing a program that can turn on heritage tourism and build quality of the tourism city of Surabaya, in other words such a concept known as the concept of DMO (Destination Management Organization). Surabaya city government has spawned local regulation number 5/2005 on building and environmental preservation of cultural property. With this regulation also makes hundreds of objects or cultural sites in the city of Surabaya is still sustainable. In these regulations, objects of cultural heritage should not be owned by the government. There are already changing hands become privately owned. There are no restrictions or objects of cultural heritage sites are managed by the private sector, but the owner must abide by the rules.


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